6个有用的MySQL语句

今天给大家介绍六条比较有用的MySQL的SQL语句,可能很多人都通过PHP来实现这些功能。

1. 计算年数

你想通过生日来计算这个人有几岁了。

SELECT DATE_FORMAT(FROM_DAYS(TO_DAYS(now()) - TO_DAYS(@dateofbirth)), '%Y') + 0;

2. 两个时间的差

取得两个 datetime 值的差。假设 dt1 和 dt2 是 datetime 类型,其格式为 ‘yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss’,那么它们之间所差的秒数为:

UNIX_TIMESTAMP( dt2 ) - UNIX_TIMESTAMP( dt1 )

除以60就是所差的分钟数,除以3600就是所差的小时数,再除以24就是所差的天数。

3. 显示某一列出现过N次的值

SELECT id
FROM tbl
GROUP BY id
HAVING COUNT(*) = N;

4. 计算两个日子间的工作日

所谓工作日就是除出周六周日和节假日。

SELECT COUNT(*)
FROM calendar
WHERE d BETWEEN Start AND Stop
  AND DAYOFWEEK(d) NOT IN(1,7)
  AND holiday=0;

5. 查找表中的主键

SELECT k.column_name
FROM information_schema.table_constraints t
JOIN information_schema.key_column_usage k
USING (constraint_name,table_schema,table_name)
WHERE t.constraint_type='PRIMARY KEY'
  AND t.table_schema='db'
  AND t.table_name=tbl'

6. 查看你的数库有多大

SELECT
  table_schema AS 'Db Name',
  Round( Sum( data_length + index_length ) / 1024 / 1024, 3 ) AS 'Db Size (MB)',
  Round( Sum( data_free ) / 1024 / 1024, 3 ) AS 'Free Space (MB)'
FROM information_schema.tables
GROUP BY table_schema ;

希望对你有帮助。
原文地址:http://coolshell.cn/articles/3433.html

从SQL过渡至MongoDB查询对照表

SQL 说明 Mongo 说明
CREATE TABLE USERS (a Number, b Number) Implicit or use MongoDB::createCollection().
INSERT INTO USERS VALUES(1,1) $db->users->insert(array(“a” => 1, “b” => 1));
SELECT a,b FROM users $db->users->find(array(), array(“a” => 1, “b” => 1));
SELECT * FROM users WHERE age=33 $db->users->find(array(“age” => 33));
SELECT a,b FROM users WHERE age=33 $db->users->find(array(“age” => 33), array(“a” => 1, “b” => 1));
SELECT a,b FROM users WHERE age=33 $db->users->find(array(“age” => 33), array(“a” => 1, “b” => 1));
SELECT a,b FROM users WHERE age=33 ORDER BY name $db->users->find(array(“age” => 33), array(“a” => 1, “b” => 1))->sort(array(“name” => 1));
SELECT * FROM users WHERE age>33 $db->users->find(array(“age” => array(‘$gt’ => 33)));
SELECT * FROM users WHERE age<33 $db->users->find(array(“age” => array(‘$lt’ => 33)));
SELECT * FROM users WHERE name LIKE “%Joe%” $db->users->find(array(“name” => new MongoRegex(“/Joe/”)));
SELECT * FROM users WHERE name LIKE “Joe%” $db->users->find(array(“name” => new MongoRegex(“/^Joe/”)));
SELECT * FROM users WHERE age>33 AND age<=40 $db->users->find(array(“age” => array(‘$gt’ => 33, ‘$lte’ => 40)));
SELECT * FROM users ORDER BY name DESC $db->users->find()->sort(array(“name” => -1));
CREATE INDEX myindexname ON users(name) $db->users->ensureIndex(array(“name” => 1));
CREATE INDEX myindexname ON users(name,ts DESC) $db->users->ensureIndex(array(“name” => 1, “ts” => -1));
SELECT * FROM users WHERE a=1 and b=’q’ $db->users->find(array(“a” => 1, “b” => “q”));
SELECT * FROM users LIMIT 10 SKIP 20 $db->users->find()->limit(10)->skip(20);
SELECT * FROM users WHERE a=1 or b=2 $db->users->find(array(‘$or’ => array(array(“a” => 1), array(“b” => 2))));
SELECT * FROM users LIMIT 1 $db->users->find()->limit(1);
EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM users WHERE z=3 $db->users->find(array(“z” => 3))->explain()
SELECT DISTINCT last_name FROM users $db->command(array(“distinct” => “users”, “key” => “last_name”));
SELECT COUNT(*y) FROM users $db->users->count();
SELECT COUNT(*y) FROM users where AGE > 30 $db->users->find(array(“age” => array(‘$gt’ => 30)))->count();
SELECT COUNT(AGE) from users $db->users->find(array(“age” => array(‘$exists’ => true)))->count();
UPDATE users SET a=1 WHERE b=’q’ $db->users->update(array(“b” => “q”), array(‘$set’ => array(“a” => 1)));
UPDATE users SET a=a+2 WHERE b=’q’ $db->users->update(array(“b” => “q”), array(‘$inc => array(“a” => 2)));
DELETE FROM users WHERE z=”abc” $db->users->remove(array(“z” => “abc”));